On the basis of the got theoretical results the first in Ukraine the Situation Centre (SC) of Ukraine Ministry of Defence (MD) was created and introduced.
Presently SC functions in three basic modes:
    1. At the everyday mode a round-the-clock the battle duty is carried out by staff of the duty changing, the monitoring condition of the potentially hazardous objects is carried out and daily hearing of morning reports to the General staff Chief of the Armed Forces (AF) of Ukraine is conducted.
    2. At the planned mode there is consideration of planned questions in relation to the strategic planning.
    3. At the extraordinary situation by the decision of the Defence Minister or the General staff Chief of the AF of Ukraine the increased mode of work is set, at which the operative round-the-clock group/groups of Ukraine MD and General staff Chief of AF of Ukraine begins to work in certain composition in SC.
One of the models of SC MD of Ukraine "Prognostication of consequences of extraordinary situations on chemically hazardous objects" ("Khmara") was used for conducting the State ecological examination of the ecological condition of the accident area by the Geochemistry Institute of Ukraine NAS and EMM of Ukraine (Emergency Measures Ministry of Ukraine) on Ozhydiv-Krasne railway stage in the Lvov region.
Model of the Situation Room was developed and put into operation for working off the systems of support of decision-making (SSDM) in the distributed environments; it is allowed to provide adequacy and promote efficiency of administrative decisions in extreme and nonpermanent situations on the different levels of state administration.

The information scalable technology of the automation routine procedures of Situation Centre and complex organizational and operational documentation for different types of ARM deputies were deveped.

On the basis of the analysis of international experience in the development and implementation of IT decisions by public authorities the perspective information technologies in this field were identified and a conceptual frameworks for the integrated systems of e-governance at the regional level were developed.

There were created and adapted new mathematical models and analysis methods for environmental, social, biomedical and other processes and phenomena using GIS technology in distributed computing environments.

Working models of user-defined boxes for workplaces of the Situation Room in the modifications "Rada-KS" and "Rada-SC" were developed and produced.

New, focused on knowledge conception, models and tools of the nationwide system of vital functions at the regional level, as well as forecasting and response to natural and man-made accidents of e-governmence were created. The implementation of the proposed conception will lead to improved emergency preparedness and improving the safety of nuclear energy in Ukraine.

A new conception of a nationwide emergency response to nuclear radiation accidents based on the implementation of the European computer system of nuclear emergency response RODOS was created. Technology of models integration in DSS based on Distributed Object-Wraps the basis for reengineering DSS RODOS was designed in IMMSP NAS of Ukraine. Multiplatform version of JRODOS system suitable for using on different types of computers and widely implemented in Europe was built on the base of this technology.

The installation of JRODOS system adapted to conditions of Rivne and Zaporizhzhya NPP, in Crisis Center of the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine was conducted.

The technologies and experimental samples of ARM tools for complex scalable software and hardware platforms of Situation Centres of the highest state level using specialized fiber optic solutions and stenograph computer systems, which is the basis for the default integrated information technology to support all aspects of the Situation Centre were developed.
Conceptual ontology of organizational model of situational centers as the basis of network technology of governant taking into account classification of situations and definition of activities undertaken at situational management were worked up.

Promising scalable architecture of integrated software and technical platform of situational centers was designed. The functional model of conference systems based on fiber optic solutions was designed and developed. It is equipped with remote controls as well as integrated in the software and hardware complex of situational hall of IMMSP NAS of Ukraine, and a wide range of existing models of software, particularly for promising architecture of integrated scalable software and technical platform of situational centers (server side).

It was developed theoretical representation of Situation Centre (SC) network as an organizational base for situational management and common information space in government control, including developed ontological models for knowledge representing about the system of situational management and implemented pieces of ontology, it was done the adaptation of formal models for evaluating and improving the efficiency of specialized and integrated SC, and it was determined the classification and criteria for their selection.

The methodical principles of ussage of new methods for assessing and improving the efficiency of building a network of situational centers of state authorities of Ukraine and information technologies for supporting decision-making in a distributed environment have been developed, recommendations for their application have been proposed. The adequate 7-level technological scheme of the preparation of scenarios for the development of events and the use of a constructive approach to the formation of solutions is proposed to increase the efficiency of the DSS in complex objects management systems. It is shown that effective support of activities in the field of defense planning in modern conditions can be carried out using the organizational and information technologies used in situational centers.

In accordance with the Strategy of Sustainable Development “Ukraine-2020”, new and developed existing methodological principles and conceptual models for the creation and functioning of a unified network of situational centers of state authorities as a single automated system based on the development of ideas of the national automated information system were created. Within the framework of this concept, there were developed methodological principles of development and implementation in distributed information and computing media of information technologies support decision-making to increase the efficiency of decision-making by public authorities at different levels using the models of environmental, social and other processes, GIS and Internet technologies.


The typical approaches, decisions, structures of situational centers of public authorities of the security and defense sector of Ukraine were developed; their interaction and further development were worked out. A functioning model of the basic modeling complex was created for the development and testing on the tasks of the command of the troops of the Armed Forces of Ukraine of the software and hardware complex of the system of situational centers of the strategic and operational levels.


The concept and methodological principles of building a distributed network of situational centers for situational management and decision-making in the security and defense sector of Ukraine are developed, taking into account the modern range of situational management technologies and decision support. The structure of technical regulations of special software is proposed, which is based on the requirements of modern international standards and takes into account the peculiarities of cybersecurity and functional security of the distributed network of situational centers in the security and defense sector of Ukraine.

A basic modeling complex (BMC) of the network of situational centers of state bodies of the security and defense sector of Ukraine has been created in the interests of protecting the critical infrastructure of the state. The created
BMC can be a prototype for the development of situational centers of the state system of critical infrastructure protection and cybersecurity and can be used in performing mega-important task in the state providing cyber protection of critical infrastructure, including national security and defense sector, law enforcement, etc., building of state and commercial response centers to cyber incidents.

The
concept of providing information and analytical support to management decisions by the management of the security and defense sector of Ukraine in the field of defense resources management was created.

There were developed some principles of a comprehensive methodology for building a distributed network of situational centers of the security and defense sector of Ukraine based on special purpose systems, situational management technologies and decision support (especially during a particular period of time), using the following range of models: capacity-based planning with the use of system analysis and experience of world practice; a structured description of the system of processes for defense management and defense planning procedures based on capabilities in the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine; adaptation and application of algorithms for identification and correction of errors in dictionaries during meetings; cybersecurity models based on special purpose systems and the proposed structure of technical regulations of a special software, which is based on the requirements of modern international standards.

The problem of data exchange between heterogeneous information systems of different situational centers of the security and defense sector in the development of measures to prevent and eliminate emergencies was studied. There was offered an approach which uses the principle of creating an ontology of the subject area of ​​data exchange using the previously developed glossary and creating on its basis services that will be presented in the catalog of services for exchange.

 


     
       Last modified: Jul 6, 2021